Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Issues and Dilemmas of Contemporary Public Administration Essay

Issues and Dilemmas of Contemporary Public Administration - Essay Example Open intrigue can be characterized as the general prosperity of people in general. This is the place the entire society, and not simply narrow minded people, matter. They, hence, warrant insurance, advancement and acknowledgment from the legislature. It is their activity as individuals in higher places of capacity to guarantee that everybody gets rewarded right and just with agreement to the law (Nichols, 2010). Open heads are, in this way, bound to these jobs by certain moral principles. As they decide, they need to consider the principles that predicament them to guarantee they work well for the individuals. This paper will survey a portion of the duties and commitments that predicament open managers. Likewise, the issues they for the most part face when governmental issues is engaged with the running of the business. Managerial obligation lies with the way that pioneers should serve the individuals on a lower level. The issues that emerge when they are in control are regularly observed with the manner in which they handle their business. Some moral issues that they face emerge generally from profound quality. Numerous open overseers are generally devoured by sex outrages (Kumar, 2005). These issues make an exceptionally terrible picture for the individuals that encompass them, particularly their family. A great many people casted a ballot into office are picked dependent on their family standings and qualities. A family man is probably going to be picked into office than an individual who doesn't have a family. People in general might want to be associated with the running of their every day business.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Residential Schools Essay -- Canadian Education, Canadian Government

Contextual investigation: Residential Schools Looking at the private educational system in Canada between the 1870s and 1996 uncovered various human rights and common freedoms infringement of people by the administration. This contextual investigation includes both by law segregation and accepted separation experienced by Aboriginals dependent on their way of life. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms explicitly ensures Aboriginal rights under segment 25 and segment 15 proclaims that, â€Å"Every individual is equivalent under the steady gaze of and under the law† (Sharpe and Roach, 2009, p. 307). Human rights and common freedoms of Aboriginal kids and guardians were overlooked and damaged by private schools which were fuelled by government approach, plans of chapel associations, and an open want to absorb the local populace into Canadian culture. Government Policy Absorbing the native populace into Canadian culture was viewed as the best answer for wiping out the expenses related with this portion of society accepting assets for being dependents of the government. When the way toward forming understudies into perfect residents has been finished, they would be allowed full citizenship and consequently liberates them. The evacuation arrangement rights and clan connection would imply that the government is not, at this point confronted with the money related weight related with thinking about these people groups (Akhtar, 2010, p. 113). Since youngsters can possibly effectively adjust to circumstances, they are ideal contender for socialization programs which slip them into society. At the point when the arrangement of forceful human progress was upheld by the Canadian government, open financing opened up for the private school venture which included stripping native offspring of their cultur... ...ess to the issue and perceiving the issues with this arrangement will help forestall further infringement of rights and freedoms. End The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is set up to guarantee the residents of Canada are shielded from irrational infringement by the administration. At the point when the digestion strategy was received there was no real way to decide the broad impacts that it would have on native youngsters and their families. After some time cultural perspectives change and the strategies are legitimately influenced so this sort of human rights infringement would be less worthy. Shaking things up can realize change and carry attention to a theme that was regularly neglected. In a country which prides it’s self on being a multicultural mosaic, private schools fuelled by arrangement, strict associations and people in general ought to be blasted down for all time.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Columbia University Interschool Fellowships COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

Columbia University Interschool Fellowships COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog Each year, Columbia University makes a few scholarships and fellowships available to students from all schools within the university.   These Interschool Fellowships have very specific eligibility criteria, but it doesnt hurt to take a look and see if youre eligible to apply.   To see if you meet the eligibility criteria, please click here, select  the “Funding from Columbia University” link, and find the Columbia University Interschool Fellowships in the list of links.   There you will find a link to a PDF document that serves as an application and descriptions of the awards. (Ive also included descriptions of the awards below.) All applications must be submitted to the  SIPA Financial Aid Office no later than Friday, June 24, 2016 at 5:00 p.m. EST.  Questions? Email our financial aid officers at Clifford and Siegfried Upton Scholarship This scholarship is intended to benefit the children, adopted children, and step-children of the employees of Boston-based Houghton-Mifflin Company, its subsidiaries, or successor companies. The minimum amount of a scholarship is $1,000 for a school year, and increased according to the needs of the candidate. This fellowship is available to graduate or undergraduate students. Required documentation: Letter from employer verifying eligibility George W. Ellis Fellowship The George W. Ellis Fellowship is available to graduate students who are residents of Vermont or who have graduated from an accredited Vermont college or University. Required documentation: Residents of Vermont should provide a copy of taxes, driver’s license Voter registration Graduates from a Vermont College should provide a copy of transcript Leta Stetter Hollingworth Fellowship This fellowship is available to graduate students at Columbia, to a woman graduating from or graduated from the University of Nebraska. Required documentation: A copy of the student’s transcript from the University of Nebraska A letter of reference from a faculty of the University of Nebraska Paul Nichoplas Scholarship Fund This scholarship is to benefit a male or female student in any area of the University who has attended college or university in Greece. It is available to graduate or undergraduate students for two years. Required Documentation: A copy of the student’s Birth Certificate An affidavit or transcript. Vladimir and Olga Poder Fund This fellowship is to benefit an Estonian-speaking students attending Columbia. The fellowship cannot be greater than $2,000 annually. It is available to graduate or undergraduate students. Required documentation:  To verify that the student speaks Estonian, please submit a letter from the NY Estonian House located at 243 East 34th Street, New York NY 10016 Westmoreland Davis Memorial Foundation Fellowship The Westmoreland Davis Fellowship is available to undergraduate or graduate students from Virginia. Required documentation: To verify that the student meets this criterion, please submit a tax return or driver’s license

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

Today, more and more kids are unable to focus, whether it is in school, church, or even at home, it is the same. Some draw on their notes and daydream during discussions. Others spend all their time on one subject instead of a few. For some, the reasons are simple: Kids get bored easily. This, however, is only mostly true. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is a disorder that causes a lack of attention in those who have it, including adults. Though it is easily spotted in children due to abundant mounts of energy and a high lack of focus, many adults who have Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder don’t know they have it. Although Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is growing more and more common among teens and children today, through the use of medication and therapy, those people can learn to control and/or hide the symptoms in their adulthood. For the sake of saving from confusion however, the disorder will just be referred to as Attention Deficit disorder (ADD), u nless otherwise noted. Hallowell’s definition of ADD is a neurological syndrome whose classic defining triad of symptoms include impulsivity, distractibility, and hyperactivity or excess energy. This is one of the less broad definitions of ADD or ADHD given in the world today. This condition occurs in all ages and genders, and it cuts across all religious groups, social groups, education levels, and levels of intelligence of the world. Even today, there are about 15 million citizens of The UnitedShow MoreRelatedAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1145 Words   |  5 Pages Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder To Medicate or Not to Medicate with Adderall? Meghan L. Gonzales National University Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder To Medicate or Not to Medicate with Adderall? The medical world has noticed several changes and improvements during the past century, but maybe none that s as economically rewarding afterward the prescription drug business. New medications turn-up regularRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1162 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is ADHD? â€Å"Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood† (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). ADHD in real terms is the inability to focus. Several people have describe people with ADHD as skirmish, talkative, and have trouble waiting. ADHD has been previously described as ADD (attention deficit disorder) but the only difference is the â€Å"H†. This â€Å"H† describes how this disorder deals with hyperactivityRead MoreAttention Deficit / Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1166 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD) has become one of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorders in children and adolescent. â€Å"ADHD is defined as a chronic condition marked by persistent inattention, hyperactivity, and sometimes impulsivity.† (Disney, 1999) There is concern about the possible connection between ADHD to substance use and abuse, during childhood and adolescence, since it is such an important developmental stage in life. â€Å"Substance abuse disorder is definedRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )963 Words   |  4 Pages Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Mizeldrick K. Marshall Holmes Community College Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder most commonly diagnosed in children. Children can be diagnosed as early as the age of 7. Boys and girls can be diagnosed with ADHD but this disorder is seen more in the behavior of boys. Adults can also develop symptoms and be diagnosed as well. It was originally called hyperkineticRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1664 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), is a neurobehavioral disorder of the brain. Textbooks typically depict an individual with ADHD as one who is inattentive, highly distractible, unable to contain stimuli, disorganized and exhibits excessive motor activity (Townsend Morgan, 2017, p. 636). It is easy to define a person by their impulsivity; however, it is difficult to try and understand the reasons behind the behavioral patterns that come along with this disorder. Blake TaylorRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay1355 Words   |  6 Pages Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder is a neuro-behavioral disorder typically seen in children. Over the past several years’ attention-deficit hyperactive disorder seems to be on the rise. Since 2011, eleven percent of children ranging from ages four to seventeen were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (Children with ADHD et. Al. 2016). Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder is a difficult disorder to diagnosis, but once the disorder is diagnosed there are ways to manageRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )754 Words   |  4 Pageschildren who are hyperactive. In contrast to Goodman and Scott (1997), I believe hyperactivity does not necessarily occur due to lack of control. There may be high volumes of hyperactivity that can be controlled through behaviour management strategies (BMS) such as positive reinforcement, self-awareness procedures, and classroom management. Varma (1993). Schachar (1991) suggests that hyperactivity is not recognised as a diagnosis in itself, but is a fundamental component of several disorders such as AttentionRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1210 Words   |  5 PagesADD/ADHD, better known as Attention Deficit Disorder/ Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, is a growing disorder in children and adults alike in the United States. So many people have this disorder now a days that it isn’t a rare thing for a child to be diagnosed with it. In this paper I will go over the cause of ADD/ ADHD, the details about what it actually is and how it affects people, when you need to have the child checked for this disorder, and the many signs and symptoms of ADD/ ADHD disorderRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )992 Words   |  4 Pagesmedical ordeal. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder or ADHD is one out of two of the neurobehavioral disorders that inhibits an individual from focusing on one task at a time. According to fusion.nets article What Adderall does to your brain In the US alone roughly 6.4 million kids and 10 million adults suffer from ADHD. Adderall, Concerta, Vyvanse and Ritalin are just a few of the prescription based stimulant amphetamines pharmaceutical companies have made available to help treat ADHD and ADD disordersRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1678 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"ADHD is a neurological difference that affects learning and language, and every aspect of life† (Hardman). It has been argued that ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) is not a real disease, but it has been confirmed by neurological testing that ADHD is a real disease. It has been found that ADHD symptoms are caused by a child having less brain activity in their frontal lobes; this part of the brain controls the impulse control which will make it harder for the child to sit still. There

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Land of the Lost Analysis and Interpretation - 769 Words

Land of the lost This paper is an analysis and interpretation of Stewart O’ Nan’s â€Å"Land of the Lost†. A woman’s almost obsessive investigation of a young woman’s death is the center of this short story, where Stewart O’ Nan’s portrayal of the main character makes her more fascinating to the reader than the missing girl. The name of the main character is unknown to us, but despite the anonymity we are able to observe her feelings and behavior through a third person narrator. The point of view lies with her and that makes the narration personal and feels as if she told the story herself, but at the same time it gives the reader an opportunity to craft its own opinion about her. The death of a child unknown to you wouldn’t normally†¦show more content†¦She even admits: â€Å"(†¦) Was it? She could admit that at least part of the reason she was searching for a stranger’s daughter was that no one else needed her. Just Ollie†. A part of her knows that this whole obsession is extreme, but at the same time she can’t let go of it because it’s so important to her. It’s sad really and shows how empty some humans feel. The title â€Å"Land of the lost† is a metaphor for the main character’s life. Both she and the missing girl are lost in a great wonderland. The woman doesn’t have anything to do and thus lost her life to this obsessive searching. The search for the girl represents the woman’s search for herself and how she is struggling with it. She is lost as well as the girl. Her life dramatically changed since her divorce and she is unable to move on and take a different path in life. The land of the lost represents the area we all end up in from time to time when we are changing or choosing a path in life. Some people like the main character spend more time in the land of the lost than others, and finding the lost girl is just as important as finding herself. â€Å"As long as she’d waited for this moment, she didn’t want to see what was inside†. In the end she’d come so far. But as she stands here, she is afraid that the body she found might be a dud again. She is afraid to make a huge discovery in life because she failed the first time. All her hard work might as well leave her where she started and then she’s gotShow MoreRelatedAnalysis of The Hollow Men by T.S. Eliot Essay1367 Words   |  6 PagesAnalysis of The Hollow Men by T.S. Eliot Eliot, a master of the written craft, carefully thought out each aspect of his 1925 poem The Hollow Men. Many differences in interpretation exist for Eliots complex poetry. One issue never debated is the extensive range of things to consider in his TS Eliots writing. Because TS Eliot often intertwined his writing by having one piece relate to another The Hollow Men is sometimes considered a mere appendage to The Waste Land. The Hollow MenRead MoreShelleys Mont Blanc: What Is the Mountain Outside of the Mind?1021 Words   |  5 PagesBlanc actively challenging his knowledge of the limits of the human mind, allowing a murky idealism inspired by the philosopher David Hume to come to the forefront of his writing. He questioned outright whether the mountain, or at least his interpretation of it, existed outside of the imaginings of his mind. Though his conclusion may have been infinitely doubtful, his thesis was clear: there can exist no purely objective reality. Though the physicality of the mountain was unquestionable, itsRead MoreThe Hardships through the Life of Pablo Picasso700 Words   |  3 Pagesthere is no tomorrow coming. It also seems like there has never been a sun to warm the lands in this painting. Picasso mixed the colors well but also made them defined at the same time. Not many painters could find the balance between different shades of colors. The light blue on the man’s skin gives a cold chilling feeling to the painting. Also the darkness of the stone walls gives an absence of hope. II. Analysis The painting is meant to portray the suffering life can bring. The man looks to meRead MoreSummary Of On A Deserted Paradise 814 Words   |  4 Pages(Golding 46) Not only do ‘little boys screamed at them: snakes,’ alluding to the snake that tempted Eve, but one of the children is lost to the fire as a result of their carelessness. This act of manslaughter, and the burning of acres of forest unveils the ugly side of even the most educated, and supposedly civilized children in the world. Furthermore, according to an analysis by Shmoop of the island, â€Å"already [the boys have] started taking possession of the island. The boys have taken advantage of theRead MoreThe Indian Act Of 18691072 Words   |  5 Pagespolitical control, such as imposing governing structures on Aboriginal communities in the form of band councils, to control over the rights of Indians to practice their culture and traditions. The Indian Act has also enabled the government to determine the land base of these groups in the form of reserves, and even to define who qualifies as Indian in the form of Indian status. In other words the Indian Act was created so that Natives would lose their cultures and so that the government decided their livesRead MoreAnalysis Of Piscine s Religious Beliefs1747 Words   |  7 PagesAn Analysis of Piscine’s Religious Beliefs in Relation to His Life Life of Pi, written by Yann Martel explores the relation between religion and interpretation. The author creates an open door for the reader to digest the story in a number of manners causing it to be diverse. Not only is the audience compelled to be empathetic towards Piscine, but they ought to be altered spiritually and mentally due to this author’s agenda, and desired plan. This holistic route of understanding this story is purelyRead MoreScenario Analysis971 Words   |  4 PagesPorche Hamilton BSHS 321 Human Service Scenario Analysis Instructor: Julie Murphy ABSTRACT This analysis gives in detail the background, including age and gender of the patient in the evaluation. The details are that the treatment plan must be a clear and concise method to help the patient cope with her significant events. The underlying treatment and diagnosis for this patient are confirmed and may be requested for further treatment and examination. Diagnosis at this time is Major DepressiveRead MoreAutumn Tornado Outbreak in Midwest Essay833 Words   |  4 Pagesthat occurred November 17th in the Midwestern, portion of the United States. Tornado outbreaks occur when there are multiple tornados that are said to be produced by the same weather system. The classification of an outbreak can vary depending on interpretation. It is said that in order to be classified as a â€Å"tornado outbreak† there must be a certain number of tornados that touch down. It is said that the US has the most tornados of any country. This can be attributed the location with in the mid lat itudeRead MoreLiterature Review : Karl Galinsky And Jack Weatherford1546 Words   |  7 PagesLiterature Review: Karl Galinsky and Jack Weatherford By Niza Metoyer World History Richardson Abstract In this review I will analysis and deconstruct the works of Karl Galinsky and Jack Weatherford. The two works I will be looking at is â€Å"Augustus: Introduction to the Life of an Emperor† and â€Å"Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World.† This analysis will consist of a summary and deconstruction of each text as well as a comparison of the styles and structures of each author. The reviewRead MoreAl Qaeda s Organization And Strategy Essay1702 Words   |  7 PagesAs Terrorism continues to reign and strike fear into the hearts and minds of nations, one must remain vigilant and become aware of array of tactics that may come to be used against them. The purpose of this essay is to provide an analysis of Al Qaeda’s organization and strategy .This essay will do so by providing context as to who and what is Al Qaeda, by exploring the diverse history it has built alongside its allies and exposing its financial networks . Secondly, this essay will examine Al Qaeda’s

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

LOreal Expansion in China Case Study Report - 1458 Words

Introduction This report is based on the ‘L’Oreal: Expansion in China’ case study. L’Oreal is a successful French cosmetic company that involved into many different international markets. This report will discuss how L’Oreal gets into the Chinese cosmetic Market and the strategic to develop their brand in the Chinese market. L’Oreal acquires two famous Chinese cosmetic brands which are Yue-Sai and Mininurse. It is in order to entrance the market quickly and sales the most suitable products. The aim of this report is to define the challenge L’Oreal has been faced. Then it describes how L’Oreal managing their strategic in Chinese market. In addition, it gives an accommodation which could help L’Oreal overcoming these challenges.†¦show more content†¦So, the worlds leading cosmetics company L’Oreal buying two local cosmetics firms for a share of Chinas vanity cash. One is Mininurse and another is Yue Sai. These are two com petitive company is Chinese market as both of them are in the list of China’s top 10 cosmetics brands in 2002. Mininurse is one of the brands belong to Shenzhen Raystar Cosmetics Company. It set up by Li Zhida in 1989. Another company is called Yue-Sai Kan Cosmetics Ltd which founded in 1992. After the two acquisitions, L’Oreal group had 14 different brands in China in 2004. In order to manage these brands, L’Oreal set up a differential products and brands strategy to each brands. They called it â€Å"Pyramid Brand Structure†. There are four level of the pyramid included Luxury Products, Professional Products, Active Cosmetics and Consumer Products. This pyramid could ensure the marketing positioning for the 14 brands owned by L’Oreal. Challenge According to the situation mentioned above, L’Oreal’s strategy will lead them suffer from few of the challenges. There are three main challenges discussed in this report. Firstly, the acquired companies now work without their founders. Secondly, manage L’Oreal’s portfolio of products. Thirdly, it is hardly to manage lots of brands. Finally, it might have a problem about customer loyalty for local companies. Founder quit the business According to the agreement between L’Oreal and those two local companies, Li Zhida and Yue-Sai Kan who isShow MoreRelatedLoreal Market Entry Strategy India China5215 Words   |  21 PagesA Report on L’Oreal’s business and entry strategy in India and China Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi Submitted to : Dr Gautam Dutta Submitted by : Group 6 (Section B) Acknowledgement This report is prepared in subject International Marketing Management studied in third trimester in part time MBA (International Business). This report is prepared under guidance of Dr Gautam Dutta, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, NewRead MoreLOreal Global Brand Local Knowledge6832 Words   |  28 PagesJULY 29, 2011 REBECCA M. HENDERSON RYAN JOHNSON L’Orà ©al: Global Brand, Local Knowledge op yo You need a global brand, which is then adapted to the key markets on the key continents in order to offer consumers the right and relevant products, which is what unive ersalization is all about.1 — Jean-Paul Agon, CEO, 2010 tC Since its founding in 1909, L’Orà ©al tightly couple d innovation and speed to market with i o expansion of its geographic and consumer base.2 L’Orà © al believedRead MoreBurts Bees Market Opportunity Factors Essay752 Words   |  4 Pagesproducts market in 1991 with the creation of their Beeswax Lip Balm, which is still their leading bestseller. They expanded their business in 1991 by moving to North Carolina where they are still headquartered today. In 1999, they began their global expansion. In 2006, they began distributing their products to drugstores and other retail centers to allow the mass market the ability to buy natural made products. Burt’s Bees has several environmental and sustainability projects, and continuously works withRead MoreHbr Dove Case1653 Words   |  7 PagesMBA 240 Individual Case #2 11/2/2011 Dove’s Campaign for Real Beauty I. Executive Summary The Dove brand has been revitalized with the success of their â€Å"Real Beauty† campaign. Dove’s main goals are to continue to improve their brand image and gain market share. The key challenges facing top management to accomplish these goals are; building on the momentum the ‘Real Beauty’ campaign has generated, differentiating from their competition and modernizing their brand image. I am recommendingRead MoreMarketing Plan for for Herborist Cosmetic Company, China6508 Words   |  27 PagesChinese traditional herbal medicine (Herborist official website 2010). 1.2 Industry introduction 1.2.1 Market size and share According to the research from Li and Fung (2009), it shows that the cosmetics market of China has enjoyed a continuous growth over recent years and China has become the second largest cosmetics market in Asia nowadays. And meanwhile, Chinese consumers increasing purchasing power and more and more Chinese womens participation in the workforce have strengthened growth inRead MoreCosmetic Industry Analysis28098 Words   |  113 Pagesfallen, large financial institutions have collapsed and even governments have to come up with rescue planning to bail out their financial systems (referred Section 1.1, Figure 1). In this section, we are going to compare BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) and Asia Four Tiger’s (Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea) economy by presenting their GDP (Gross Domestic Product) real growth rate from year 2007 to 2009. Brazil is a emerging, large and well-developed in agricultural, miningRead MoreThe body shop3475 Words   |  14 Pagesself-esteem and save the earth . L’Oreal, world leader in cosmetics and beauty take over TBS in 2006. In UK, TBS is the second largest cosmetic franchise in the world; In Malaysia, it’s the number one personal-care brand. Firstly, the internal strengths of the TBS are it already has strong brand loyalty from customers and worldwide recognition from commitment to the community, environment to the protection of animals.. Secondly, TBS being a 100% subsidiary of L’Oreal so it appears to have an increaseRead MoreRadiant Cosmetics3405 Words   |  14 Pageswhich make themselves look younger and more charming. Major competitors for Radiant Inc. are L’oreal, Estee Lauder, Procter Gamble, and Avon Products. Radiant used to occupy around 10% of the U.S. market, but Radiant’s domestic market share shrank more than 1% in Furthermore, the global market share of Radiant Inc. also has been shrinking since Huge economies such as the European Union, Japan, China, and South Korea consume $170 billion of cosmetics and perfume The potential profits are soRead MoreInternation Business - Cosmetics Export Plan to China2786 Words   |  12 PagesMariaviola Bombagli Globalisation Integration Prof. Westbroek Individual Assignment February 1st, 2011 MakeX Natural Cosmetics Export Plan Bombagli M Abstract MakeX is a natural cosmetics company that plans on expanding its market to China. As the Chinese cosmetics market is proving to be one of the fastest growing businesses, it appears to be a good place for the company to start expanding internationally. In order to successfully conduct such business venture, MakeX has to developRead MoreMarketing and Aesop12007 Words   |  49 PagesInternational Marketing Plan: Aesop’s Expansion into Italy TBS982 Marketing in a Global Economy Patjira Aiemsumang 4304834 Natthanee Chatpahol 4230723 Cheuk Kin Jeremy Sin 4429448 Thanyaporn Theerawatphothong 4222490 July 22, 2013 Word Count: 6713 1. Executive Summary The cosmetic industry worldwide seems to be continuously developing, now more than ever with the advent of the Internet companies. Many famous companies sell their cosmetic products online also in countries in which they do

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Silence in Cultures free essay sample

The use of silence varies from one culture to another. Western traditional cultures perception of and use of silence are different from eastern cultures of the world. Countries which adapted much of the Greek culture and learned from Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato high value socializing and believe talking as an important activity. Some countires that view the perception of silence in this way are the United States, Germany, and France. However, Eastern cultures such as Japan and India find silence very appealing. Silence is not only developed in Asian cultures, but it is also found in any Scandinavian cultures and American Indian cultures. The Japanese culture observed that silence can serve a variety of purposes. It can be seen as a way of talking among family members and it is linked with credibility (p. 226). lt is also a way for them to avoid conflict and embarassment, with proverbs such as It is the duck that squawks that gets shot. In India, silence is a very big part of their culture. Their religion, Hinduism, is based on silence, The Hindu believes that self-realization, salvation, truth, wisdom, peace, and bliss are all achieved in a state f meditation and introspection when the individual is communicating with himself or herself in silence (p. 226). Scandinavian cultures also oppose the dominant western cultures. They think silence conveys interest and consideration. Finally, the native Americans believe silence is a sign of a remarkable person. Silence is also the number one rule when interacting with another during important events such as meetings with strangers and periods of mourning. These four cultures show that their people have a lot of respect, proper etiquette, maturity, good manners, and great character towards others. The Chinese philospher, Confucious left some remarkable provers which stuck in many of todays silent Asian cultures. Believe not others talesJOthers will lead thee far astray; Silence is a friend who will never betray (p. 226). For the Indian Culture, their religion provided proberbs and are follwed by people of the Hindu religion. Lastly, Chief Joseph, a famous Indian leader, has been quoted by his people and his sayings have been passed down from generation to generation. It does not require many words to speak the truth (p. 227). These important fgures left important ayings before their death and their proverbs stayed and still teach people in their cultures today. Men and women are from two different cultures, and because of this, communication can sometimes be a problem. As children, boys tend to develop patterns of aggressiveness. A stu dy done by Nicolopoulou, Scales, and Weintraub examine the symbolic imagination of four year old boys and girls. The stories that were told by girl were significantly different than the ones that the boys told. Girls tend to think of stories that include order and social realism. They use rational plots ith stable characters, continuous plot lines, and social and familial relationships. Everday domestic life is emphasized along with romantic and fairy tale images of kings and queens. The boys however contain more conflict and disorder. Their stories typically dont include a stable plot, clearly defined characters, and relationships. While girls tend to find resolution to conflicts before the story ends, boys tend to not defiance and destruction to drive their plots. Another study, conducted by Otnes, Kim, and Kim showed the communication differences in letters to Santa Claus. The results of the sudy confirms the xpectations among the gender patterns. Girls usually wrote longer letters, they made more specific references to Christmas, they were more polite, used more inderect requests, and included more expressions of affetion. The boys however made more direct requests. There was no difference between the two on the amount of toys requested. This pattern has subtly moved into the way men and women communicate. According to Bonvillian, because women and men are socialized to express themselves in different ways in accordance with cultural norms that teach and reinforce differentiated gender roles (p. 186). Men have typically communicated to exert control, preserve independence, and enhance status. They typically minimize feelings. Doing this enables men to use problem solving, data collection, and solution suggestions. They emphasize content rather than feelings. Wood states that men also, expresses superiority and maintains control (p. 188). Men redirect conversations fro their own benefit and interrupt as a controlling or challenging device. This allow the man to drive the conversation, asserting the control. Forceful and direct language is common among men. Wood also goes on to state that, men end to speak in abstact terms that are general and removed from personal experiences (p. 188). This allows the men to keep their emotions out of the conversation. Lastly, the conversation of men is not very responsive. Sympathy, understanding, and self disclosure are rarely expressed because these responses are condescending and make one vulnerable. Understanding these communications allows one to understand more about one another. From the early beginnings, it was prevalent that girls, typically more passive with a more rational thought process normally grows into one who communicates ith feelings and understanding. Boys growing up show aggressiveness that eventually evolved into a lack of expression of feelings and a demand for superiority. There are many games in different cultures that help teach its citizens lessons about life. One game is called the dozens. The dozens is a pedagogic device that instructs citizens in communication strategies for the resolution in routine interactions. This means that the dozens is a way for citizens to learn how to overcome conflict in daily life. The community in which the game is played is typically n a black urban area that has a mixture of lower, middel, and upper-middle class people. Boys, girls, men and women all play the game. The object of the game is simple, one person must best another, using words. Insults toward ones family is common. The study shows that a lot of the Jokes are geared toward the opponents mother. One might ask , Why would a game that involves telling insults at one another be beneficial? Two things, it helps understand ones self, and it prepares the individual to maintain composure under pressure situations. When understanding ones self, you have to realize your problem. For instance when someone focuses a lot of the insults towards the oponents mother, it could be a sign that they have an issue with their own mother that they are trying to overcome. the mother. This causes the man to lose his identity. His ability to exert his power is lost because he most answer to a woman. They feel inferior. So when the game begins, the exert their anger towards woman by vilifying the opponents mothers. This allows them to come to their senses as to why they feel the way they do. The dozens also enables one to maintain composure in pressure situations. When laying, you have to stay cool in order to not lose. If you dont keep your cool, the audience and your opponent will sense that they are getting under your skin, and the insults come harder. The audience will also declare you a loser. You will also begin to come up with insults that have no effect to your opponent which will work to your disadvantage. By playing the game, you learn to separate yourself from your feelings. You are able to maintain the cool that you must display in situations important in life. If you are unable to do this, you can lose control and you wont be able to succeed n what you are trying to do. For example, if you are the best at keeping your cool, you can fly through Job interviews, because you will remain calm, and collected. You know what youre going to say, and you deliver with eloquence. However, if you do not know how to keep your cool, you get nervous, saying things you didnt mean to say, giving wrong information, and making rash decisions due to a lack of composure. This game is direct reflection of the MTV show mio Mamma. It starts off with a group of people, men and women, go at eachother with insults about themselves, or their family. The audience then chooses the participants who will go toe to toe in a battle. Insults are then exchanged between the two individuals. This time Judged on delivery, content, creativity, and crowd reaction. Once the battle is over, the Judges get together and declare a winner. Although the dozens doesnt have celebrity judges, it is what the show is based off of. There are many ways to act while communicating with others. Some people are polite and agree with whatever you say, knowing whole heartidly that they disagree, yet they still nod their heads, and there are people who blatently disagree, without any care of offending anyone. Two cultures that display these really well are the Arabs, and the Sabra. Arabs approach interpersonal relations using musayara, in interpersonal style tha involves an aray of politeness strategies that emphasize mutuality, cooperation, respect, concern, indirectness, subtlety, effusiveness, allusion, and metaphor. In contrast, the Israelis often use an interpersonal approach that relies on dugri, which, involves direct, explicit, forceful, assertive, unembellished speech these contrasting styles may interfere with negotiations and lead to dissatisfaction with both the process and the utcomes of negotiations. The problem that the is presented in Arab-sabra encounters is the fact that the styles are so contradictory. While the Arab musayara exert politeness and mutuality, the Sabra dugri display assertive and often contrasting ideas. To the Arabs, straight or dugri talk in the style of the quintessential Sabra is not an expression of trust, rather is often experienced as offensive, even abusive. This causes friction due to the disagreement that they will face. The Sabra will rub off the wrong way by being so direct that it will be offensive to the Arabs.